I provide an introduction to quantum computers, describing how they might be realized using language accessible to a solid state physicist. A listing of the minimal requirements for creating a quantum computer is given. I also discuss several recent developments in the area of quantum error correction, a subject of importance not only to quantum computation, but also to some aspects of the foundations of quantum theory.
- Pub Date:
- December 1996
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect;
- Quantum Physics
- 22 pages, Latex, 1 eps figure, Paper to be published in "Mesoscopic Electron Transport", edited by L. Kowenhoven, G. Schoen and L. Sohn, NATO ASI Series E, Kluwer Ac. Publ., Dordrecht. v2: typos in refrences fixed