We review the new theory of impure superconductors constructed by Kim and Overhauser, and further developed by Kim. It was shown that Gor'kov's self-consistency equation needs a pairing constraint derived from the Anomalous Green's function. Whereas earlier studies have applied a constraint only on the pair potential, we show that the kernel also should be fixed by the ground state. The Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations need a pairing constraint in order to obtain the proper vacuum state by the corresponding unitary transformation. The relation between the pair potential and the gap parameter is clarified. This new study opens up a reinvestigation of inhomogeneous superconductors. We will discuss (i) strong coupling theory of dirty superconductors, (ii) suppression of magnetic impurity effect by ordinary impurities, (iii) weak localization correction to the phonon-mediated interaction, and (iv) other inhomogeneous superconductors.
- Pub Date:
- September 1996
- Condensed Matter;
- 14 pages, latex, no figures, to appear in the Proceedings of the Inauguration Conference of the Asia Pacific Center for the Theoretical Physics (World Scientific, 1996)