Local Adaptation and Gene-For-Gene Coevolution in a Metapopulation Model
In several reciprocal cross-infection experiments parasites were found to be significantly more adapted to their local host populations than to hosts from distant populations. We developed a metapopulation model, taking explicit account of both population densities and gene frequencies, to determine the influence of ecological and genetical parameters on the local adaptation of the parasites and on the spatial distribution of resistance and virulence genes. Our results point to the predominant effect of ecological parameters such as parasite growth rate and host and parasite migration rates on coevolutionary outcomes. In particular, the parasites are more likely to be adapted to their local host population than to allopatric hosts when the parasite migration rate is larger than the host migration rate. The opposite should be observed whenever hosts migrate more than parasites.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- August 1996