We present an exactly solvable microscopic model of the T=0 K magnetovolume properties (spontaneous volume magnetostriction, forced volume magnetostriction, compressibility, pressure-induced magnetization response, and paraprocess susceptibility) of a local moment binary alloy with two magnetic species, chemical disorder, and the possibility of magnetic frustration. The calculated properties are shown to have an explicit dependence on both the ground-state spin structure and the degree of magnetic frustration, evaluated as the fraction of magnetic exchange bonds that are energetically not satisfied. We apply this model to fcc Fe1-yNiy alloys (including classical Invar at y=0.35) in which we determine the spin structures by adjusting Monte Carlo simulation results to the measured magnetic properties. We find that Invar (Fe65Ni35) is a highly frustrated system and that this effectively changes the sign of the resulting magnetovolume expansion. Invar alloys based on high-moment γ-Fe are therefore understood as arising from an optimized blend of ferromagnetism, that causes most of the Fe-Fe bonds to be unsatisfied, and the antiferromagnetism of the magnetovolume active Fe-Fe bonds.
Physical Review B
- Pub Date:
- November 1996
- Fe and its alloys;
- Other topics in magnetic properties and materials;
- Spin-glass and other random models;
- Spin arrangements in magnetically ordered materials