We have developed a 5GHz continuum receiver system. The receiver is a direct type receiver. In order to reduce the noise due to the fluctuation of the gain in the amplifiers, the system employs the Dicke switching method. We made the 5GHz low-noise amplifier and the bandpass filter. The low-noise amplifier gives ~35dB gain and has ~210K noise temperature. The bandpass filter has a passband between 4.3 and 5.4 GHz. We also made switch driver, video amplifiers, phase detector, and integrator. Using a 1.8 meter offset parabolic antenna, we measured the efficiency of the system. Since the antenna does not have a driver to track objects, observations were performed with the antenna fixed. The measured noise temperature of the system is ~650K. From the observation of the blank sky, noise level was measured. It was found that the systematic noise(~0.5K: peak to peak value) is much larger than the thermal noise. The systematic noise is possibly related to the stability of the DC power supplied to the receiver system. Besides the noise of the system, it was found that the airplanes are the very serious noise sources. We measured the radio flux of the Sun using the developed system. The observed radio flux of the Sun is ~10e6 Jy, which is close to the known value of the quiet Sun. The test observation of the Sun shows that the angular beam size of the antenna is ~2.2deg.
Publication of Korean Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- December 1996