We propose a mechanism that can create a mass gap in the SU(2) chiral spin model at arbitrarily small temperatures. We give a sufficient condition for the mass gap to be non-zero in terms of the behaviour of an external Z(2) flux introduced by twisted boundary conditions. This condition in turn is rewritten in terms of an effective dual Ising model with an external magnetic field generated by SO(3) vortices. We show that having a non-zero magnetic field in the effective Ising model is sufficient for the SU(2) system to have a mass gap. We also show that certain vortex correlation inequalities, if satisfied, would imply a non-zero effective magnetic field. Finally, we give some plausibility arguments and Monte Carlo evidence for the required correlation inequalities.
Nuclear Physics B
- Pub Date:
- February 1996
- High Energy Physics - Lattice;
- Condensed Matter;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- 33 pages, LaTeX2e, all figures included in LaTeX format