We present a broad suite of models of extrasolar giant planets (EGPs), ranging in mass from 0.3 to 15 Jupiter masses. The models predict luminosity (both reflected and emitted) as a function of age, mass deuterium abundance, and distance from parent stars of various spectral types. We also explore the effects of helium mass fraction, rotation rate, and the presence of a rock-ice core. The models incorporate the most accurate available equation of state for the interior, including a new theory for the enhancement of deuterium fusion by electron screening, which is potentially important in these low-mass objects, The results of our calculations reveal enormous sensitivity of EGPs to the presence of the parent star, particularly for G and earlier spectral types. They also show a strong sensitivity of the flux contrast in the mid-infrared, between parent star and EGP, to the mass and age of the EGPs. We interpret our results in terms of search strategies for ground- and space-based observatories in place or anticipated in the near future.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- April 1996
- STARS: PLANETARY SYSTEMS;
- 22 pages of text, 5 pages of tables, 15 figures in uuencoded postscript format, soon to be available at URL http://lepton.physics.arizona.edu:8000/, accepted for publication in the Ap.J