Timevariation of Newton's constant and the age of globular clusters.
Abstract
A variation of Newton's constant G over cosmological time scales would modify the mainsquence time of globular cluster (GC) stars. We have calculated the evolution of lowmass stars typical for GCs both for standard nonvarying G and under the assumption of a linear variation of G. The age of the isochrones resulting from the latter models then was chosen such that the isochrones mimicked the standard ones at the turnoff. Since they are indistinguishable from the standard isochrones for ages higher than a few Gyrs, they themselves cannot be used to limit ̇(G)/G alone. Assuming additionally that the true age of GCs is between 8 and 20Gyr, and because their apparent age is between 14 and 18Gyr, we find that today 35x10^12^ yr^1^<~̇(G)/G<~ 7x10^12^ yr^1^. The upper limit (gravity weaker in the past) is competitive with direct presentday bounds from celestial mechanics. Within independently determined ̇(G)/G limits a timevarying G as an explanation for the discrepancy between the cosmic expansion age and the apparent GC ages is conceivable.
 Publication:

Astronomy and Astrophysics
 Pub Date:
 August 1996
 arXiv:
 arXiv:astroph/9509090
 Bibcode:
 1996A&A...312..345D
 Keywords:

 GRAVITATION;
 STARS: EVOLUTION;
 GALAXY: GLOBULAR CLUSTERS: GENERAL;
 COSMOLOGY: MISCELLANEOUS;
 Astrophysics;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
 High Energy Physics  Phenomenology
 EPrint:
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