The Jones polynomial and the Kauffman bracket are constructed, and their relation with knot and link theory is described. The quantum groups and tangle functor formalisms for understanding these invariants and their descendents are given. The quantum group $U_q(sl_2)$, which gives rise to the Jones polynomial, is constructed explicitly. The $3$-manifold invariants and the axiomatic topological quantum field theories which arise from these link invariants at certain values of the parameter are constructed.
- Pub Date:
- June 1995
- Mathematics - Quantum Algebra;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- Expository/Survey. 36 pages, AMSLaTeX with psfig, *many* ps figures included via uufiles. PS file available at ftp://ftp-math-papers.mit.edu/Sawin/Sawin4.ps or http://web.mit.edu/org/m/mathdept/www/ . Unchanged except for commands to correct tex problems