Receptivity to Unsteady Disturbances at the Trailing Edge in a Finite-Width Mixing Layer Flow.
A theoretical study of the receptivity to harmonic disturbances at the trailing edge of a finite-width mixing layer has been carried out. The unsteady Kutta condition at the trailing edge has been reexamined at the vorticity scale of the steady mixing layer profile, and the underlying physical mechanism of this condition explained. The receptivity problem of harmonic forcing at the trailing edge is shown to reduce to an initial-value problem for the downstream mixing layer or wake. A linear coupling term for the response field amplitude is derived which is proportional to the square root of the Strouhal number and the difference in the gradient of the forcing pressure field tangential to the plate near the trailing edge. An initial-value problem is then solved for an inviscid, incompressible mixing layer with a piecewise linear velocity profile leaving the trailing edge of a flat plate, subject to harmonic forcing. The Wiener-Hopf technique is used to solve for the stream function of the response field over a range of forcing frequencies and mean flow velocities. The solutions are shown to agree with previous solutions for infinitesimally thin shear layers from Bechert, 1988 and Orszag and Crow, 1970, in the limit that the Strouhal number relative to the mixing layer thickness, S, is small. In addition, solutions are obtained for moderate values of S, for which the mixing layer is most unstable. It is shown that for increasing S, the initial amplitudes of the discrete modes of instability decrease like 1 over S and then level off, while the neutrally stable mode of response is increasingly amplified. It is also shown that the overall phase of the response is nearly independent of S, except at a cross-stream position where the phase shifts by 180 degrees and the amplitude of the response goes to zero, which moves from the low to the high speed flow as S increases.
- Pub Date:
- January 1995
- Physics: Fluid and Plasma; Physics: Acoustics