Combinatorial Formulas for Characteristic Classes, and Localization of Secondary Topological Invariants.
The problems solved in this thesis originated from combinatorial formulas for characteristic classes. This thesis deals with Chern-Simons classes, their generalizations and related algebraic and analytic problems. (1) In this thesis, I describe a new class of algebras whose elements contain Chern and generalized Chern -Simons classes. There is a Poisson bracket in these algebras, similar to the bracket in Kontsevich's noncommutative symplectic geometry (Kon). I prove that the Poisson bracket gives rise to a graded Lie algebra containing differential forms representing Chern and Chern-Simons classes. This is a new result. I describe algebraic analogs of the dilogarithm and higher polylogarithms in the algebra corresponding to Chern-Simons classes. (2) I study the properties of this bracket. It is possible to write the exterior differential and other operations in the algebra using this bracket. The bracket of any two Chern classes is zero and the bracket of a Chern class and a Chern-Simons class is d-closed. The construction developed here easily gives explicit formulas for known secondary classes and makes it possible to construct new ones. (3) I develop an algebraic model for the action of the gauge group and describe how elements of algebra corresponding to the secondary characteristic classes change under this action (see theorem 3 page xi). (4) It is possible give new explicit formulas for cocycles on a gauge group of a bundle and for the corresponding cocycles on the Lie algebra of the gauge group. I use formulas for secondary characteristic classes and an algebraic approach developed in chapter 1. I also use the work of Faddeev, Reiman and Semyonov-Tian-Shanskii (FRS) on cocycles as quantum anomalies. (5) I apply the methods of differential geometry of formal power series to construct universal characteristic and secondary characteristic classes. Given a pair of gauge equivalent connections using local formulas I obtain dilogarithmic and trilogarithmic analogs of Chern-Simons classes.
- Pub Date:
- January 1995
- Mathematics; Physics: Elementary Particles and High Energy