The Imprint of Proper Motion of Nonlinear Structures on the Cosmic Microwave Background
Abstract
We investigate the imprint of nonlinear matter condensations on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) in an {OMEGA} = 1, cold dark matter (CDM) model universe. Temperature anisotropies are obtained by numerically evolving matter inhomogeneities and CMB photons from the beginning of decoupling until the present epoch. The underlying density field produced by the inhomogeneities is followed from the linear, through the weakly clustered, into the fully nonlinear regime. We concentrate on CMB temperature distortions arising from variations in the gravitational potentials of nonlinear structures. We find two sources of temperature fluctuations produced by timevarying potentials: (1) anisotropies due to intrinsic changes in the gravitational potentials of the inhomogeneities and (2) anisotropies generated by the peculiar, bulk motion of the structures across the microwave sky. Both effects generate CMB anisotropies in the range of 10^7^ <~ δT/T <~ 10^6^ on scales of ~1^deg^. For isolated structures, anisotropies due to proper motion exhibit a dipolelike signature in the CMB sky that in principle could yield information on the transverse velocity of the structures.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 June 1995
 DOI:
 10.1086/187893
 arXiv:
 arXiv:astroph/9501059
 Bibcode:
 1995ApJ...445L..73T
 Keywords:

 Anisotropy;
 Background Radiation;
 Big Bang Cosmology;
 Inhomogeneity;
 Microwave Emission;
 Nonlinear Systems;
 Relic Radiation;
 Temperature Distribution;
 Dark Matter;
 Gravitational Fields;
 Mass Distribution;
 Missing Mass (Astrophysics);
 Astrophysics;
 COSMOLOGY: COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND;
 COSMOLOGY: THEORY;
 Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 9 pages, 7 figures (included), uuencoded postcript file