An Analytical Model for the Triaxial Collapse of Cosmological Perturbations
Abstract
We present an analytical model for the nonspherical collapse of overdense regions out of a Gaussian random field of initial cosmological perturbations. The collapsing region is treated as an ellipsoid of constant density, acted upon by the quadrupole tidal shear from the surrounding matter. The dynamics of the ellipsoid is set by the ellipsoid selfgravity and the external quadrupole shear. Both forces are linear in the coordinates and therefore maintain homogeneity of the ellipsoid at all times. The amplitude of the external shear is evolved into the nonlinear regime in thin spherical shells that are allowed to move only radially according to the mass interior to them. We describe how the initial conditions can be drawn in the appropriate correlated way from a random field of initial density perturbations. By considering many random realizations of the initial conditions, we calculate the distribution of shapes and angular momenta acquired by objects through the coupling of their quadrupole moment to the tidal shear. The average value of the spin parameter, 0.04, is found to be only weakly dependent on the system mass, the mean cosmological density, or the initial power spectrum of perturbations, in agreement with Nbody simulations. For the cold dark matter power spectrum, most objects evolve from a quasispherical initial state to a pancake or filament and then to complete virialization. Lowspin objects tend to be more spherical. The evolution history of shapes is primarily induced by the external shear and not by the initial triaxiality of the objects. The statistical distribution of the triaxial shapes of collapsing regions can be used to test cosmological models against galaxy surveys on large scales.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 February 1995
 DOI:
 10.1086/175193
 arXiv:
 arXiv:astroph/9405012
 Bibcode:
 1995ApJ...439..520E
 Keywords:

 Astronomical Models;
 Collapse;
 Cosmology;
 Perturbation;
 Triaxial Stresses;
 Universe;
 Angular Momentum;
 Dark Matter;
 Ellipsoids;
 Equations Of Motion;
 Gravitation;
 Homogeneity;
 Astrophysics;
 COSMOLOGY: LARGESCALE STRUCTURE OF UNIVERSE;
 COSMOLOGY: THEORY;
 Astrophysics
 EPrint:
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