Initial motion of a viscous vortex ring
Abstract
The behavior of a viscous vortex ring is examined by a matched asymptotic analysis up to three orders. This study aims at investigating how much the location of maximum vorticity deviates from the centroid of the vortex ring, defined by P. G. Saffman (1970). All the results are presented in dimensionless form, as indicated in the following context. Let Gamma be the initial circulation of the vortex ring, and R denote the ring radius normalized by its initial radius R(sub i). For the asymptotic analysis, a small parameter epsilon = (t/Re)(exp 1/2) is introduced, where t denotes time normalized by (sup 2 sub i)/Gamma, and Re = Gamma/nu is the Reynolds number defined with Gamma and the kinematic viscosity v. Our analysis shows that the trajectory of maximum vorticity moves with the velocity (normalized by Gamm/R(sub i). U(sub m) = 1/4 pi R(ln(4R/epsilon) + H(sub m) + O(epsilon ln epsilon), where H(sub m) = H(sub m) (Re, t) depends on the Reynolds number Re and may change slightly with time t for the initial motion. For the centroid of the vortex ring, we obtain the velocity U(sub c) by merely replacing H(sub m) by H(sub c), which is a constant 0.558 for all values of the Reynolds number. Only in the limit of Re approaches infinity, the values of H(sub m) and H(sub c) are found to coincide with each other, while the deviations of H(sub m) from the constant H(sub c) is getting significant with decreasing the Reynolds number. Also of interest is that the radial motion is shown to exist for the trajectory of maximum vorticity at finite Reynolds numbers. Furthermore, the present analysis clarifies the earlier discrepancy between Saffman's result and that obtained by C. Tung and L. Ting (1967).
 Publication:

Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A
 Pub Date:
 September 1994
 DOI:
 10.1098/rspa.1994.0122
 Bibcode:
 1994RSPSA.446..589W
 Keywords:

 Asymptotic Methods;
 Velocity Measurement;
 Vortex Rings;
 Vortices;
 Vorticity;
 Fluid Dynamics;
 Kinematics;
 NavierStokes Equation;
 Reynolds Number;
 Trajectories;
 Viscosity;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer