Investigation of Turbulent Boundary Layer Structure Using ParticleImage Velocimetry.
Abstract
Particleimage velocimetry (PIV) is used to measure instantaneous velocity fields in the streamwise wallnormal plane of a zeropressuregradient turbulent boundary layer. In total, 340 PIV realizations of the boundary layer were obtained at Reynolds numbers based on momentum thickness of Ree = 930, 2370 and 6845. Each realization contains approximately 10000 twocomponent velocity vectors which are accurate to within 0.4 to 1.0% of the freestream velocity. The PIV results are used to examine coherent structures throughout the boundary layer and determine their Reynolds number dependencies. Coherent structures have been an important part of turbulent boundarylayer research for more than thirty years. By understanding coherent structures, their Reynoldsnumber dependencies and their dynamical characteristics, engineers and scientists will be better able to control and predict turbulent flows. A 20 m long lowturbulence boundarylayer research facility was developed for the measurement of turbulent boundary layers using particleimage velocimetry. Hot film anemometer measurements show that the turbulence intensities at the test section inlet are about 0.16%, at a freestream velocity of 6 m/s. A PIV interrogation and vectorvalidation system was developed to conduct the PIV measurements efficiently. The interrogation system utilizes eight i860 array processors in parallel to achieve a peak aggregate performance of 640 Mflops. Using 128 x 128 pixel cross correlations, it processes 100 vectors per second. Twodimensional maps of inplane velocity vectors, spanwise vorticity, Reynolds stress, and streamwise and wallnormal velocity contours show the instantaneous structures in the overlap and outer regions of the boundary layer. Details of largescale motions protruding into the free stream are clearly shown in the outer region. The overlap region consists of shear layers oriented at 45^circ from the wall and are associated with transverse vortical elements, which are located above and slightly downstream of the shear layers. Comparisons between measured coherent structures and theories of Theodorsen, Townsend and Perry et al. are given. Twodimensional spatial correlation functions of streamwise velocity, wallnormal velocity, spanwise vorticity and Reynolds stress are used to examine the statistically relevant structure of the boundary layer and its Reynolds number dependency. Stochastic estimation is used to estimate conditional eddies throughout the boundary layer and reveal their Reynoldsnumber dependencies.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 1994
 Bibcode:
 1994PhDT.......173M
 Keywords:

 Engineering: Mechanical; Engineering: Aerospace; Physics: Fluid and Plasma