Molecular cloning, expression, and partial characterization of a second human tissue-factor-pathway inhibitor.
Previous studies have shown that tissue-factor-pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is an important regulator of the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation through its ability to inhibit factor Xa and factor VIIa-tissue factor activity. We describe the molecular cloning and expression of a full-length cDNA that encodes a molecule, designated TFPI-2, that has a similar overall domain organization and considerable primary amino acid sequence homology to TFPI. After a 22-residue signal peptide, the mature protein contains 213 amino acids with 18 cysteines and two canonical N-linked glycosylation sites. The deduced sequence of mature TFPI-2 revealed a short acidic amino-terminal region, three tandem Kunitz-type domains, and a carboxyl-terminal tail highly enriched in basic amino acids. Northern analysis indicates that TFPI-2 is transcribed in umbilical vein endothelial cells, liver, and placenta. TFPI-2 was expressed in baby hamster kidney cells and purified from the serum-free conditioned medium by a combination of heparin-agarose chromatography, Mono Q FPLC, Mono S FPLC, and Superose 12 FPLC. Purified TFPI-2 migrated as a single band in SDS/PAGE and exhibited a molecular mass of 32 kDa in the presence and absence of reducing agent. The amino-terminal sequence of recombinant TFPI-2 was identical to that predicted from the cDNA. Despite its structural similarity to TFPI, the purified recombinant TFPI-2 failed to react with polyclonal anti-TFPI IgG. Preliminary studies indicated that purified recombinant TFPI-2 strongly inhibited the amidolytic activities of trypsin and the factor VIIa-tissue factor complex. In addition, the inhibition of factor VIIa-tissue factor amidolytic activity by recombinant TFPI-2 was markedly enhanced in the presence of heparin. TFPI-2 at high concentrations weakly inhibited the amidolytic activity of human factor Xa, but had no measurable effect on the amidolytic activity of human thrombin.