Statistical Properties of Gravitational Lensing in Cosmological Models with Cosmological Constant
Abstract
To extend the work of Gott, Park, and Lee(1989), statistical properties of gravitational lensing in a wide variety of cosmological models involving nonzero cosmological constant is investigated, using the redshifts of both lens and source and observed angular separation of images for gravitational lens systems. We assume singular isothermal sphere as lensing galaxy in homogeneous and isotropic FriedmannLemaitreRobertsonWalker universe, Schechter luminosity function, standard angular diameter distance formula and other galaxy parameters used in Fukugita and Turner(1991). To find the most adequate flat cosmological model and put a limit on the value of dimensionless cosmological constant lambda_o, the mean value of angular separation of images, probability distribution of angular separation and cumulative probability are calculated for given source and lens redshifts and compared with the observed values through several statistical methods. When there is no angular selection effect, models with highest value of lambda_o is preferred generally. When the angular selection effects are considered, the preferred model depends on the shape of selection functions and statistical methods; yet, models with large lambda_o are preferred in general. However, the present data cannot rule out any of the flat universe models with enough confidence. This approach can potentially select out best model. But at the moment, we need more data.
 Publication:

Journal of Korean Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 October 1994
 Bibcode:
 1994JKAS...27..103L
 Keywords:

 GRAVITATION;
 GRAVITATIONAL LENSING;
 GALAXY;
 QSO;
 COSMOLOGY