Numerical simulation of torusdriven plasma transport in the Jovian magnetosphere
Abstract
The Rice convection model has been modified for application to the transport of Iogenerated plasma through the Jovian magnetosphere. The new code, called the RCMJ, has been used for several idealMHD numerical simulations to study how interchange instability causes in a initially assumed torus configuration to break up. In simulations that start from a realistic torus configuration but include no energetic particles, the torus disintegrates too quickly (~50 hours). By adding an impounding distribution of energetic particles to suppress the interchange instability, reasonable lifetimes were obtained. For cases in which impoundment is insufficient to produce idealMHD stability, the torus breaks up predominantly into long fingers, unless the initial condition strongly favors some other geometrical form. If the initial torus has more mass on one side of the planet than the other, fingers form predominantly on the heavy side (which we associate with the active sector). Coriolis force bends the fingers to lag corotation. The simulation results are consistent with the idea that the fingers are formed with a longitudinal thickness that is roughly equal to the latitudinal distance over which the invariant density declines at the outer edges of the initial torus. Our calculations give an average longitudinal distance between plasma fingers of about 15°, which corresponds to 20 to 30 minutes of rotation of the torus. We point to some Voyager and Ulysses data that are consistent with this scale of torus longitudinal irregularity.
 Publication:

Journal of Geophysical Research
 Pub Date:
 May 1994
 DOI:
 10.1029/94JA00142
 Bibcode:
 1994JGR....99.8755Y
 Keywords:

 Cold Plasmas;
 Convective Flow;
 Coriolis Effect;
 Environment Models;
 Io;
 Jupiter (Planet);
 Magnetohydrodynamic Flow;
 Magnetohydrodynamic Stability;
 Planetary Magnetospheres;
 Plasma Drift;
 Toroidal Plasmas;
 Computerized Simulation;
 Mathematical Models;
 Toruses;
 Transport Properties;
 Ulysses Mission;
 Voyager 1 Spacecraft;
 Lunar and Planetary Exploration;
 Magnetospheric Physics: Planetary magnetospheres;
 Magnetospheric Physics: Plasma convection;
 Space Plasma Physics: Numerical simulation studies;
 Space Plasma Physics: Transport processes