Renormalization of Chiral Couplings in Tilted Bilayer Membranes
Abstract
We study the effects of chiral constituent molecules on the macroscopic shapes attained by lipid bilayer membranes. Such fluid membranes are beautiful examples of statistical ensembles of random shapes, sometimes coupled to inplane order. We analyze them with methods of continuum elasticity theory, generalizing the wellknown CanhamHelfrich model, and in particular incorporate the effects of thermal fluctuations. The condition that coordinate choice be immaterial greatly constrains the possible forms of the statistical weights in these systems, leading to very few independent couplings and hence physically simple models. Thermal fluctuations effectively reduce the chirality of a membrane at long scales, leading to an anomalous scaling relation for the radius of bilayer tubules and helices as a function of chirality. En route to this conclusion we develop a perturbative calculation scheme, paying particular attention to the functional measure needed to describe fluctuations covariantly. %% [In the new version some TeX problems are fixed. This file was prepared with uufiles. To print it, clip out everything after the line of #'s below and put it in an executable file. If your mailer puts a spurious blank line at the end of part one, be sure to kill it. Then execute it to create a TeX file and four .eps files. The latter will be automatically included using epsf.tex. If this doesn't work, please contact the authors.]
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 May 1993
 arXiv:
 arXiv:condmat/9305014
 Bibcode:
 1993cond.mat..5014N
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter;
 High Energy Physics  Theory
 EPrint:
 UPR549T