Melting Study of a Peridotite KLB-1 to 6.5 GPa, and the Origin of Basaltic Magmas
With a newly established multi-anvil press in the Tokyo Institute of Technology, we have carried out a series of melting experiments on peridotite KLB-1 up to 6.5 GPa. Melt fractions of the peridotite were determined in a wide P-T range using extensive X-ray mapping analysis of run products by EPMA and a digitalized back-scattered electron image technique. Compositions of partial melts and solid residues were determined in the whole melting range up to 6.5 GPa. Given quantitative information on mantle melting, we discuss conditions of melting of various basalt magmas and the nature of their source materials. Our conclusions are consistent with the hypothesis that typical mid oceanic ridge basalts represent low pressure (ca. 1 GPa), low temperature (TP≈ 1300 degrees C) partial melting products of mantle peridotite. Island arc picritic tholeiites may also be regarded as partial melts of a peridotitic source, at 1-2 GPa pressures and TP ranging from 1400 to 1500 degrees C. However, proposed primary magmas for Hawaiian tholeiite are difficult to produce by partial melting of typical mantle peridotite at any depth under anhydrous conditions. Source materials for magmas in large hotspots (e.g. Hawaii, Iceland and some continental flood basalts (CFBS)) may be anomalously enriched in FeO and TiO2 relative to typical upper mantle peridotites such as KLB-1.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series A
- Pub Date:
- January 1993