The electric-magnetic duality transformation in four-dimensional heterotic string theory discussed by Shapere, Trivedi and Wilczek is shown to be an exact symmetry of the equations of motion of low-energy effective field theory even after including the scalar and the vector fields, arising due to compactification, in the effective field theory. Using this duality transformation we construct rotating black hole solutions in the effective field theory carrying both electric and magnetic charges. The spectrum of extremal magnetically charged black holes turns out to be similar to that of electrically charged elementary string excitations. We also discuss the possibility that the duality symmetry is an exact symmetry of the full string theory under which electrically charged elementary string excitations get exchanged with magnetically charged soliton-like solutions. This proposal might be made concrete following the suggestion of Dabholkar et al. that fundamental strings may be regarded as soliton-like classical solutions in the effective field theory.
Nuclear Physics B
- Pub Date:
- August 1993
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- 20 pages, phyzzx.tex, TIFR-TH-92-41 (The section on dyonic black holes has been modified and expanded, minor corrections have been made in the other sections)