A statistical characterization of local midlatitude total electron content
Abstract
The integrated lineofsight electron density within the ionosphere, known as the total electron content (TEC), is commonly used to quantify ionospheric propagation effects. In order to extrapolate singlepoint measurements of TEC to other locations and times, some characterization of the TEC spatiotemporal variation must be available. Using a fourchannel receiver tracking coded signals fromthe NAVSTAR Global Positioning System satellites, estimates of both the mean variation and correlation coefficient have been made for the approximately 1200km or 1hour local time radius ionospheric region within view of a midlatitude station. Results were obtained for morning and midday over a 4week period near the autumnal equinox in 1989. The derived mean variation was found to be well characterized by linear functions of the local time and latitude separation between the ground site and the ionospheric penetration point of the signal. The correlation coefficient during midday was found to decrease linearly with latitude, longitude, and time separation, with values of about 0.91 for a 1000km separation and 0.98 for a 1hour separation. During morning hours the longitude and time coefficients were similar to the midday values, but the latitude coefficient was found to have a nonlinear dependence, with values as small as 0.70. The combined results suggest that the decorrelation is due primarily to longer term TEC fluctuations, such as daytoday variation in the TEC spatial dependence, rather than to transient effects such as traveling ionospheric disturbances. The analysis provides a spatiotemporal characterization of TEC that can be used to extrapolate TEC values from singlepoint measurements
 Publication:

Journal of Geophysical Research
 Pub Date:
 September 1993
 DOI:
 10.1029/92JA01597
 Bibcode:
 1993JGR....9815717G
 Keywords:

 Ionospheric Electron Density;
 Ionospheric Propagation;
 Ionospheric Sounding;
 Correlation Coefficients;
 Line Of Sight;
 Regression Analysis;
 Geophysics;
 Ionosphere: Midlatitude ionosphere;
 Ionosphere: Modeling and forecasting;
 Radio Science: Ionospheric physics;
 Radio Science: Ionospheric propagation