The American College of Radiology and the National Electrical Manufacturers Association published the ACR-NEMA Digital Imaging and Communications Standard in 1985. Implementations are just now becoming available. Working groups of the committee have been very active. An expanded version of the Standard was published in 1988 and in a third version, to be known as Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), is being prepared for publication in 1992. This paper briefly reviews the history of the Standard, describes the participation of the committee in international radiological imaging standards activities, and outlines the extensions planned for the DICOM Standard.