The Kinetic Mechanism of the GAP-Activated GTPase of p21ras
Guanine nucleotides modified by acetylation of the ribose moiety with the small fluorophore N-methylanthranilic acid(mant) have been shown to bind to p21ras with similar equilibrium and kinetic rate constants as the parent nucleotides. Hydrolysis of p21.mantGTP to p21.mantGDP results in a 10% decrease in fluorescence intensity occurring at the same rate as the cleavage step. A similar process occurs with the non-hydrolysable analogue mantGMP.PNP, and this has led to the proposal that a conformational change of p21.mantGTP precedes and controls the rate of the cleavage step. The fluorescence change with p21.mantGMP.PNP is accelerated in the presence of the C-terminal catalytic domain of GAP, which is consistent with this mechanism. The same conformational change does not occur with oncogenic mutants of p21ras, Asp-12 and Val-12, but does occur with the weakly oncogenic Pro-12 mutant. Stopped flow measurements of the interaction of GAP with p21.mantGTP show an exponential decrease in fluorescence, the rate of which does not vary linearly with GAP concentration. These data imply a rapidly reversible formation of the p21.mantGTP complex with GAP followed by the isomerization of this complex. This is at least 105-fold faster than the same process in the absence of GAP.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- April 1992