Kinetics of Intracellular Calcium Release by Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and Extracellular ATP in Porcine Cultured Aortic Endothelial Cells
Quantitative, time-resolved measurements have been made of intracellular Ca ion release by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) and extracellular ATP in porcine aortic endothelial cells in tissue culture. Intracellular free [Ca] was detected with the calcium dye fluo-3 and InsP3 released intracellularly by photolysis of `caged' InsP3 in whole-cell voltage-clamped aortic endothelial cells. A rise of [Ca] was recorded at InsP3 concentrations greater than 0.2 μ M. The timecourse at low InsP3 concentrations comprised a delay of mean 300 ms (range 266-330 ms), a peak in 2-3 s before declining with a half-time of 5-10 s. The delay and time-to-peak decreased with increasing concentrations of InsP3 over the range 0.2-5 μ M. At very high concentrations of InsP3 (> 5 μ M), the delay in the Ca response was short, always less than 20 ms. The results are consistent with a direct binding and gating action of InsP3 on the Ca channel of the cellular store. Following InsP3 action there is a refractoriness of the InsP3 Ca release process which recovers with a timecourse of half-time about 30 s. A comparison can be made between the timecourse of InsP3 and extracellular ATP actions. High concentrations of ATP (500 μ M) acted with a delay of mean 1.8 s (range 1.2-2.5 s), whereas even moderate concentrations of InsP3 acted much more quickly, suggesting that there are slow coupling steps before or during the production of InsP3 in response to extracellular ATP. Both ATP and InsP3 evoked an increase in membrane conductance to K+, probably via Ca.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- December 1992