Fabrication and Analysis of a Selectively Contacted Dual Channel High Electron Mobility Field-Effect Transistor
A selectively contacted dual-channel high electron mobility transistor (SCD-CHEMT) has been designed, fabricated, and electrically characterized, in order to better understand the properties of two layers of two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs) confined within a quantum well. The 2DEGs are placed under a Schottky barrier control gate which modulates their sheet charge densities, and by use of auxiliary Schottky barrier gates and two levels of ohmic contacts, electrical contacts to the individual channels in which each 2DEG resides is achieved. The design of the dual channel FET structure, and its practical realization by recourse to process development and fabrication are described, as are the techniques, results, and interpretations of electrical characterizations used to analyze the completed device. Critical fabrication procedures involving photolithography, etching, deposition, shallow and deep ohmic contact formation, and gate formation are developed, and a simple technique to reduce gate leakage by photo-oxidation is demonstrated. Analysis of the completed device is performed using one-dimensional band diagram simulations, magnetotransport and electrical measurements. Magnetotransport studies establish the existence of two 2DEGs within the quantum well at 4K. Drain current vs. drain voltage, and transconductance vs. gate voltage characteristics at room temperature confirm the presence of two 2DEGs and show that current flow between them occurs easily at room temperature. Carrier electron mobility profiles are taken of the 2DEGs and show that the lower 2DEG has a mobility comparable to that of a 2DEG formed at a normal interface, indicating that the "inverted interface problem" has been overcome. Capacitance vs. gate voltage measurements are taken, which are consistent with a simple device model consisting of gate depletion and interelectrode parasitic capacitances. It is concluded from the analysis that the dual channel system resides in three basic states: (1) Both channels are occupied by 2DEGs or (2) The upper channel is depleted, or (3) Both channels depleted. Finally, increase in isolation between the two 2DEGs is dramatically demonstrated at 77K by the drain current vs. drain voltage, and transconductance vs. gate voltage characteristics.
- Pub Date:
- January 1992
- QUANTUM WELL;
- Engineering: Electronics and Electrical; Physics: Electricity and Magnetism