Design, Construction, and Test of a 473 MHZ Four - Cavity Rfq.
An RFQ accelerator using the new four-rod cavity design has been fabricated and successfully tested at Texas Accelerator Center. The RFQ is designed to accelerate a 10 mA H^- ion beam from 30 keV to 500 keV with the operating frequency of 473 MHz. This new type of RFQ structure not only promises simplicity of design, construction, and operation, but also can be manufactured to operate at higher frequencies than previously achieved by other four-rod type RFQs. Combination of simplicity and compactness due to higher operating frequencies (400 to 500 MHz) makes the design desirable for injector of proton accelerators, medical linear accelerators, and variety of other applications. This dissertation presents the steps I went through in inventing, developing, and experimentally testing this new RFQ design. First an introduction to accelerators is given, and the basic accelerator physics terminologies are defined. The principles of operations of the RFQs are described, and the theory behind new type of RFQ structure is explained. Then the beam dynamics and cavity design of the RFQ are presented. Finally, the mechanical design and construction procedure are discussed, and experimental results of rf tests and actual H ^- beam test are given.
- Pub Date:
- January 1992
- Physics: Elementary Particles and High Energy