A finite element: Boundary integral method for electromagnetic scattering
Abstract
A method that combines the finite element and boundary integral techniques for the numerical solution of electromagnetic scattering problems is presented. The finite element method is well known for requiring a low order storage and for its capability to model inhomogeneous structures. Of particular emphasis in this work is the reduction of the storage requirement by terminating the finite element mesh on a boundary in a fashion which renders the boundary integrals in convolutional form. The fast Fourier transform is then used to evaluate these integrals in a conjugate gradient solver, without a need to generate the actual matrix. This method has a marked advantage over traditional integral equation approaches with respect to the storage requirement of highly inhomogeneous structures. Rectangular, circular, and ogival mesh termination boundaries are examined for twodimensional scattering. In the case of axially symmetric structures, the boundary integral matrix storage is reduced by exploiting matrix symmetries and solving the resulting system via the conjugate gradient method. In each case several results are presented for various scatterers aimed at validating the method and providing an assessment of its capabilities. Important in methods incorporating boundary integral equations is the issue of internal resonance. A method is implemented for their removal, and is shown to be effective in the twodimensional and threedimensional applications.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 June 1992
 Bibcode:
 1992PhDT........68C
 Keywords:

 Boundary Integral Method;
 Computational Grids;
 Conjugate Gradient Method;
 Electromagnetic Scattering;
 Finite Element Method;
 Fourier Transformation;
 Axisymmetric Flow;
 Integral Equations;
 Matrices (Mathematics);
 Resonance;
 Communications and Radar