The partitioning of Sc, Y, and the rare earth elements between high-Ca pyroxene and natural mafic to intermediate lavas at 1 atmosphere
The effects of composition and temperature on the partitioning behavior of Sc, Y, and the rare earth elements (REEs) between high-Ca clinopyroxene and natural silicate melts were evaluated from doped experiments on natural mafic to intermediate composition lavas at 1 atmosphere pressure. Partition coefficients for these elements were found to be dependent on temperature and composition. The most important compositional parameters controlling clinopyroxene-melt partitioning for Y, Sc, and REEs are Al content of the liquid and pyroxene Ca content. Towards the goal of deriving expressions describing partitioning behavior, approximations were made of equilibrium constants for reactions involving a REE-Al component in the pyroxene. Regression of these equilibrium constants over the experimental temperature range (1180-1050°C) produced expressions which, when applied to the experimental glasses, reproduced the clinopyroxene trace element contents with precisions between 9 and 32% (1σ). The most important conclusion of this work is that pyroxene-melt partition coefficients for trivalent cations have different compositional dependencies than divalent cations because of the participation of Al in paired substitution. Values for high-Ca pyroxene Sc, Y, and REE partition coefficients have a range of over a factor of two between alkali basalts, andesites, and tholeiitic basalts (e.g., 0.2-0.7 for Sm at 1100°C). This represents a large proportion of the total range for D values from all mafic and intermediate magmas. Our contribution is to describe the parameters that control partitioning behavior. This will allow us to more accurately determine REE partitioning for specific systems.