The cosmological constant.
Abstract
The cosmological constant problem is examined in the context of both astronomy and physics. Effects of a nonzero cosmological constant are discussed with reference to expansion dynamics, the age of the universe, distance measures, comoving density of objects, growth of linear perturbations, and gravitational lens probabilities. The observational status of the cosmological constant is reviewed, with attention given to the existence of highredshift objects, age derivation from globular clusters and cosmic nuclear data, dynamical tests of Omega_{Lambda,} quasar absorption line statistics, gravitational lensing, and astrophysics of distant objects. Finally, possible solutions to the physicist's cosmological constant problem are examined.
 Publication:

Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics
 Pub Date:
 DOI:
 10.1146/annurev.aa.30.090192.002435
 Bibcode:
 1992ARA&A..30..499C
 Keywords:

 Cosmology;
 Gravitational Lenses;
 Hubble Constant;
 Relativistic Theory;
 Computational Astrophysics;
 Gravitational Fields;
 Universe;
 Astrophysics