Method and apparatus for frequency spectrum analysis
Abstract
The invention relates to a method and apparatus for frequency spectrum analysis of an unknown signal in real time based upon integration of 1bit samples of signal voltage amplitude corresponding to sine or cosine phases of a controlled center frequency clock which is changed after each integration interval to sweep the frequency range of interest in steps. Integration of samples during each interval is carried out over a number of cycles of the center frequency clock spanning a number of cycles of an input signal to be analyzed. The invention may be used to detect the frequency of at least two signals simultaneously. By using a reference signal of known frequency and voltage amplitude (added to the two signals for parallel processing in the same way, but in a different channel with a sampling at the known frequency and phases of the reference signal), the absolute voltage amplitude of the other two signals may be determined by squaring the sine and cosine integrals of each channel and summing the squares to obtain relative power measurements in all three channels and, from the known voltage amplitude of the reference signal, obtaining an absolute voltage measurement for the other two signals by multiplying the known voltage of the reference signal with the ratio of the relative power of each of the other two signals to the relative power of the reference signal.
 Publication:

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Report
 Pub Date:
 February 1991
 Bibcode:
 1991nasa.reptV....C
 Keywords:

 Clocks;
 Electric Potential;
 Electrical Measurement;
 Frequency Distribution;
 Frequency Ranges;
 Real Time Operation;
 Signal Detection;
 Spectrum Analysis;
 Parallel Processing (Computers);
 Patent Applications;
 Communications and Radar