A Complete Life Cycle of the Calycophoran Siphonophore Muggiaea kochi (Will) in the Laboratory, under Different Temperature Conditions: Ecological Implications
For the first time, a complete life cycle of a siphonophore has been achieved in culture at different temperatures, in the small species Muggiaea kochi. The larval, polygastric and eudoxid stages are described, and their duration and rate of production determined. The results show that the cycle from egg to egg lasts two weeks at 24 degrees C and three weeks at 18 degrees C. Furthermore, two types of life cycle have been observed: a short cycle at 18 degrees C and 24 degrees C characterized by a short (2-3 weeks) polygastric phase, and a long cycle at 13 degrees C marked by the persistence of a stationary polygastric phase. The experimental results are discussed in relation to the seasonal distribution of the species in the Bay of Villefranche-sur-mer.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- October 1991