A Re-Examination of the Basic Postulates of Thermomechanics
This paper is mainly concerned with a re-examination of the basic postulates and the consequent procedure for the construction of the constitutive equations of material behaviour in thermomechanics. However, the implication of the basic postulates and the significance of the related procedure for the development of the constitutive equations is also illustrated in some detail in the context of flow of heat in a rigid solid with particular reference to the propagation of thermal waves at finite speed. More specifically, after briefly examining the nature of the basic equations of motion for a system of particles within the scope of the classical newtonian mechanics, the basic postulates of the purely mechanical theory for a continuum (including its specialization for a rigid body) is re-examined. This includes some differences from the usual procedure on the subject. Next, thermal variables are introduced and after observing a useful analogy between the thermal and mechanical variables, a discussion of a theory of heat (or a purely thermal theory) is provided which differs from the usual development in the classical thermodynamics. A detailed application of the latter development is then made to the problem of heat flow in a stationary rigid solid using several different and well-motivated constitutive equations. Special cases of these include linearized theories of the classical heat flow by conduction and of heat flow transmitted as thermal waves. The remainder of the paper is concerned with thermomechanical theory of deformable media along with discussions of a number of related issues on the subject.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A
- Pub Date:
- February 1991