Polarisation Transfer and Breakup Effects in Deuteron  Nuclear Reactions
Abstract
Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Optical model studies of low energy rm (vec{d}{,}vec{d}) data show that deuteronnucleus tensor potentials differ from theoretical model predictions. This suggests that measurement of additional observables, such as Polarization Transfer Coefficients (PTC), are needed to complement the existing data. Whether PTCs can clarify the experimental/theoretical ambiguity has been a matter of controversy. The first part of this thesis addresses this problem. We began by investigating whether the PTC, rm K_sp {y}{z' z'}, yields new information concerning the deuteronnucleus tensor potential. We then examined the extent to which this coefficient can distinguish between the two types of tensor forces, T_{rm r} and T_{rm p}. We showed that rm K_sp{y}{z ' z'} is strongly affected by tensor force effects, and that the origin of this sensitivity is the bilinear combination of scattering amplitudes, rm Im(Q_{00}Q_sp {21}{*}). We also found that, for realistic optical model parameters, T _{21} and particularly rm K_sp{y}{z' z' } discriminate between the effects of both tensor forces. In the second part of this thesis we study the Weinberg State Expansion model (WSE) for (d,p) reactions. The weakly bound structure of the deuteron suggests the relevance of 3body effects in the dynamics of deuteron stripping. At intermediate energies, the DWBA provides a much less reliable description of particle transfer reactions. Although the adiabatic theory (ADIA) has provided improvements over the conventional DWBA, recent experimental data suggest that it needs to be refined. The WSE method, in which the dominant contributions from the 3body channels are explicitly included, is a way to systematically improve ADIA which appears as the lowest order solution in the WSE theory. In implementing the WSE model, we found that as the Weinberg basis size N increases more c.m. np relative energies are simulated and readily included into the (d,p) calculations. We also showed that, when performing zero range WSE calculations for ^{66 }Zn(d{,}p)^{67}Zn (G.S.; 5/2^; l_ {rm n} = 3) at 25 and 88.2 MeV, the results for rm dsigma/dOmega and iT_{11} converge for N = 35. Although 35 Weinberg states were used in constructing the new basis, the reaction calculation reduced to a three coupled channels problem. Our calculations are therefore more efficient than the CDCC methods. The WSE results for rm dsigma/dOmega and iT_{11} were also compared against those of equivalent ADIA and QuasiADiabatic (QAD) methods. Our findings reveal that: (a) the WSE model provides significant corrections to ADIA's predictions and as such constitutes an elegant mathematical justification of ADIA's ideas; (b) the WSE results are overall in good agreement with those obtained using QAD.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 1991
 Bibcode:
 1991PhDT.......171L
 Keywords:

 NUCLEAR REACTIONS;
 Physics: Nuclear