Two-Dimensional Time-Dependent Magneto-Hydrodynamic Simulations of Accelerating Arc Plasmas
This thesis is an investigation of the internal dynamics of accelerated arc plasmas including instabilities of the Kruskal-Schwarzchild type. The accelerated arc plasmas are in the regime of plasma armatures typical in electromagnetic rail launchers with current densities of the order of 10^8 amps/meter ^2, accelerations of the order of 10 ^7 meters/sec^2 and temperatures of the order of 10^4Kelvin. A numerical 2 dimensional MHD model is used to study the plasma armature in contact with a near vacuum magnetic field. The nonlinear bubble, spike and other surface deformations are followed using a hybrid flux corrected transport (FCT) code. A description of the resulting disruption of the main plasma arc is sought. This disruption together with rail ablation can lead to secondary arcs and other loss mechanisms.
- Pub Date:
- MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SIMULATION;
- Physics: Fluid and Plasma