Transition from one revolving cluster to two revolving clusters in the ground-state rotational bands of nuclei in the lanthanon region.
Whereas 234(92)U142 and other actinon nuclei have ground-state bands that indicate that each nucleus consists of a sphere and a single revolving cluster with constant composition and with only a steady increase in the moment of inertia with increase in J, the angular-momentum quantum number, many of the lanthanon ground-state bands show discontinuities, usually with an initial slightly or strongly curved segment followed by one or two nearly straight segments. The transition to nearly straight segments is interpreted as a change in structure from one revolving cluster to two revolving clusters. The proton-neutron compositions of the clusters and the central sphere are assigned, leading to values of the radius of revolution. The approximation of the two-cluster sequences to linearity is attributed to the very small values of the quadrupole polarizability of the central sphere. Values of the nucleon numbers of clusters and spheres, of the radius of revolution, and of promotion energy are discussed.