An analytic investigation of the superconductor quasiparticle mixer in the low power limit
Abstract
The properties of an SIS mixer using a slightly nonideal junction, with finite local oscillator (LO) power, are determined by analytic expansion of the equations of the quantum theory of mixing. The result is that the conversion gain using any reasonably good quality SIS junction is essentially equal to that using a perfect junction. Quite to the contrary, the minimum noise temperature is controlled by the leakage current of the junction. Therefore, although an SIS mixer using an ideal junction can reach the quantum noise limit only in the limit of zero LO power, even the most nearly ideal junctions require a considerable LO for best sensitivity.
 Publication:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
 Pub Date:
 March 1991
 DOI:
 10.1109/20.133755
 Bibcode:
 1991ITM....27.2646F
 Keywords:

 Electrical Properties;
 Electron Tunneling;
 Elementary Excitations;
 Mixing Circuits;
 Noise Temperature;
 Sis (Superconductors);
 Electrical Impedance;
 Quantum Theory;
 VoltAmpere Characteristics;
 Electronics and Electrical Engineering