Experimental determination of portlandite solubility in H 2O and acetate solutions at 100-350 °C and 500 bars: Constraints on calcium hydroxide and calcium acetate complex stability
The solubility of portlandite was measured in H 2O and aqueous acetate solutions of varying concentration (1-10 mmolal) at temperatures from 100-350°C and 500 bars pressure. Dissolved Ca concentrations increased with decreasing temperature and increasing dissolved acetate concentration. Using known thermodynamic data for portlandite, H +, OH -, Ca ++, CH 3COO -, CH 3COOH 0, and H 2O (1), stability constants for CaOH + and CaCH 3COO + complexes were determined. Log K values for the reaction Ca ++ + H 2O (1) = CaOH + + H + are, respectively, -10.04, -8.20, -6.88, and -6.35 at 100, 200, 300, and 350°C and 500 bars pressure and for the reaction CaCH 3COO + = Ca ++ + CH 3COO - are, respectively, -2.53, -3.72, -4.59 at 200, 300, and 350°C and 500 bars pressure. These results indicate that the stabilities of CaOH + and CaCH 3COO + complex increase with increasing temperature. In the acetate-free experiments, CaOH + is the dominant form of dissolved Ca in equilibrium with portlandite at 100-350°C and 500 bars, while in the acetate-rich experiments (10 mmolal acetate), Ca ++ and CaOH + are the dominant forms of Ca in equilibrium with portlandite at low temperature (100-200°C) and CaCH 3COO + and CaOH + are the dominant forms at relatively high temperature (200-350°C). Metal-acetate complexing has long been suggested as an important mechanism for mobilizing base metals during the formation of ore deposits in organic-rich environments. Due to the stability of CaCH 3COO + complex in Ca-bearing fluids at elevated temperatures and pressures, however, the effectiveness of dissolved acetate to enhance base metal sulfide solubility is limited.