Comparison and testing of extended Kalman filters for attitude estimation of the Earth radiation budget satellite
Abstract
The testing and comparison of two Extended Kalman Filters (EKFs) developed for the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) is described. One EKF updates the attitude quaternion using a four component additive error quaternion. This technique is compared to that of a second EKF, which uses a multiplicative error quaternion. A brief development of the multiplicative algorithm is included. The mathematical development of the additive EKF was presented in the 1989 Flight Mechanics/Estimation Theory Symposium along with some preliminary testing results using real spacecraft data. A summary of the additive EKF algorithm is included. The convergence properties, singularity problems, and normalization techniques of the two filters are addressed. Both filters are also compared to those from the ERBS operational ground support software, which uses a batch differential correction algorithm to estimate attitude and gyro biases. Sensitivity studies are performed on the estimation of sensor calibration states. The potential application of the EKF for real time and nonreal time ground attitude determination and sensor calibration for future missions such as the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) and the Small Explorer Mission (SMEX) is also presented.
 Publication:

Flight Mechanics/Estimation Theory Symposium, 1990
 Pub Date:
 December 1990
 Bibcode:
 1990fmet.symp..233D
 Keywords:

 Attitude (Inclination);
 Bias;
 Calibrating;
 Earth Radiation Budget;
 Errors;
 Kalman Filters;
 Quaternions;
 Scientific Satellites;
 Time Measurement;
 Additives;
 Algorithms;
 Conferences;
 Convergence;
 Gamma Ray Observatory;
 Gyroscopes;
 Real Time Operation;
 Sensitivity;
 Astrodynamics