Thermal buoyancy and Marangoni convection in a two fluid layered system  A numerical study
Abstract
Thermal buoyancy and surface tension driven convection is numerically investigated in a system with two, immiscible fluids. The geometry investigated, has an open cavity configuration with the lighter fluid situated on top of the heavier fluid, forming a stable layered system. The upper fluid meniscus and the interface are assumed to be flat and undeformable in the calculations. The governing equations and boundary/interface conditions are solved by a control volume based finite difference scheme for two pairs of immiscible fluids; the waterhexadecane system and a so called generic system. The steady state calculations show, that dramatically different flows are predicted when the interfacial tension effects are included or excluded from the system model. These differences are particularly appreciable in surface tension dominated flows, that are typical of microgravity situations. Complex flow patterns, with induced secondary flows are noticed in both the fluids. In general, the overall system heat transfer is found to increase with increases in the thermal buoyancy and surface tension effects, but the behavior of the system flow and thermal fields is not easy to characterize, when different combinations of these forces are considered.
 Publication:

AIAA, Aerospace Sciences Meeting
 Pub Date:
 January 1990
 Bibcode:
 1990aiaa.meetU....R
 Keywords:

 Buoyancy;
 Convective Heat Transfer;
 LiquidLiquid Interfaces;
 Marangoni Convection;
 Numerical Flow Visualization;
 Solubility;
 Boundary Conditions;
 Boundary Value Problems;
 Finite Volume Method;
 Flow Distribution;
 Interfacial Tension;
 Secondary Flow;
 Space Commercialization;
 Temperature Distribution;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer