The Conformation of Deamino-Oxytocin: X-Ray Analysis of the 'Dry' and 'Wet' Forms
Two crystal structures of (1β -mercaptopropionic acid) deamino-oxytocin are reported. The `dry form' in space group C2 has cell dimensions a = 27.08± 0.03, b = 9.06± 0.01, c = 22.98± 0.02 angstrom, β = 102.06± 0.03 with one deamino-oxytocin and six water molecules per asymmetric unit. The `wet form' in space group P21 has cell dimensions a = 27.27± 0.02, b = 9.04± 0.01, c = 23.04± 0.02 angstrom, β = 102.24± 0.02, with two deamino-oxytocin and 13 water molecules per asymmetric unit. A local twofold parallel to the monoclinic axis gives a pseudo C2 packing. Initial phases of the `dry form' were calculated by the heavy-atom method from the isomorphous and anomalous difference Pattersons and anomalous difference Fourier synthesis. The structure was refined by using restrained least-squares at 1.2 angstrom resolution to a crystallographic R = 0.10. The molecular replacement method yielded the P21 structure that was refined with geometric restraints to R < 0.09, by using all data to 1.09 angstrom resolution. Deamino-oxytocin consists of a cyclic tocin ring formed by six amino acids, closed by a disulphide bridge, S1S6, and held by two trans-annular hydrogen bonds N2O5 and N5O2 with a type II turn at residues 3 and 4. A flexible tripeptide tail has a loosely hydrogen-bonded type I beta-turn between N9 and O6. The sulphur of cysteine at position 1 is disordered in all the molecules leading to alternative hands of disulphide. The conformational flexibility of Ile 3, Asn 5, Pro 7 side chains and the disulphide bridge is consistent with previous models of oxytocin in which flexibility is necessary for biological activity.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- April 1990