The Use of Chlorophyll Fluorescence to Predict CO2 Fixation during Photosynthetic Oscillations
The relation between photosynthetic electron transport and chlorophyll a fluorescence is of fundamental importance and would have immense practical potential in measurement if properly understood. For this reason we have examined some aspects of this relation in the context of recently proposed models. Chlorophyll fluorescence quenching was measured (together with quantum yields of CO2 fixation) at different light intensities and during oscillations in photosynthesis induced by abrupt changes in CO2 concentration or re-illumination after 1 min darkness. The relation between (i) the quantum yield of open photosystem II (PSII) centres (Φ p) and non-photochemical quenching (qN), and (ii) the quantum yield of CO2 fixation (Φ s) and the fluorescence parameter Fm'-Fs/Fm' were examined for barley and wheat at different light intensities, CO2 concentrations, and temperatures. From this data two empirical equations (i) Φ s = qP× (0.153-0.131 × qN) and (ii) Φ s = ((Fm'-Fs/Fm')- 0.0085)/7.94, which related Φ s to chlorophyll-fluorescence parameters, were obtained. Both equations allowed good predictions to be made of CO2 fixation during oscillatory behaviour. However, further examination of the relation between Φ p and qN showed that this is not always linear. Moreover it is complicated by the fact that it is impossible to measure dark-level fluorescence (F0') without disturbing photosynthesis. For these and other reasons it was concluded that the relation between Φ s and Fm'-Fs/Fm' provides a better indicator of photosynthetic electron transport particularly under conditions in which F0' and qN are likely to show large variations.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- July 1990