a Generalized Langevin Equation Approach to the Reorientational Dynamics of a Highly Ordered Probe Molecule Dissolved in a Nematic Liquid Crystal
A new model of reorientational dynamics is nematic liquid crystals, based on a linear generalized Langevin equation representation of the dynamics of a probe molecule, is developed. Derived in the limit of high order, the linearized angular motion of a probe molecule under the influence of director fluctuations is analyzed when the time scale of rotational relaxation is comparable to that of the cooperative modes of the liquid crystal solvent. This model allows negative total solvent contributions (director fluctuations plus a cross term) to the spectral density J_1(omega) relative to the rotational diffusion contribution. This result cannot be justified in terms of existing theories that assume a separation of time scales between the probe molecule motion and relaxation of the cooperative modes of the solvent, even though least-square fits to experimental data predict this result. Results from the GLE-based model (and the standard model) are compared to measured spectral densities of a highly ordered spin probe dissolved in a nematic liquid crystal (W. H. Dickerson, R. R. Vold, and R. L. Vold, J. Phys. Chem. 87 (1), 166 (1983)). Because the frequencies involved are low, the model predictions are very similar, and numerical excellent agreement is found with both models. However, because the total solvent contribution is observed to involve inhibition of relaxation relative to the rotational diffusion, the standard model must be rejected on the basis of being physically unreasonable. The GLE model, on the other hand, is on firm physical ground and completely reasonable. The observed negative total solvent contribution to the spectral density can be explained in terms of a coupling of cooperative solvent modes with the molecular reorientation of the probe molecule, interfering with relaxation.
- Pub Date:
- January 1990
- LIQUID CRYSTAL;
- Physics: Molecular