Spatial variability of rain rate and slant path attenuation distributions at 28 GHz in the mid-Atlantic coast region of the United States
Rain rate and corresponding estimated slant-path attenuation distributions derived from two years of measurements are presented for a network of nine rain-gage sites located in a region with extent 70 km N-S and 47 km E-W in the mid-Atlantic coast of the U.S. near the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, VA. The network average rain-rate distribution was compared with a previously measured 6-year average at one of the site locations. Agreement in rain rates was found to be within approximately 1 mm/h over the percentage range of 1-0.01 percent of the year, signifying the constancy of the rain-rate climatology for the region, and implying an ergodic rainfall process. Slant-path attenuation statistics were estimated at 28.56 GHz by interfacing the measured rain-rate distributions at each of nine site locations with Crane's (1980) global model.