High efficiency and output power from second- and third-harmonic millimeter-wave InP-TED oscillators at frequencies above 170 GHz
InP TED (transferred electron device) oscillators have been experimentally investigated for frequencies between 170 and 279 GHz. It has been found that output powers of more than 7 and 0.2 mW are possible at 180 and 272 GHz using second- and third-harmonic mode operation, respectively. Conversion efficiencies of more than 13 percent and 0.3 percent between fundamental and second harmonic and fundamental and third harmonic, respectively, have been found. The conversion efficiencies are comparable to GaAs TEDs. The output powers, conversion efficiencies, and tuning ranges (more than 22 percent) are the largest reported for InP TEDs at these frequencies. The output power at third harmonic was sufficient for supplying a superconducting mixer with local oscillator power.