The distinctive and unique Venusian geological structure, Lakshmi Planum, is an expansive relatively smooth flat plateau containing two large shield volcanos and abundant volcanic plains in the midst of a region of extreme relief. The characteristics which distinguish Lakshmi from other volcanic regions known on the planet, such as Beta Regio, are identified. These include its high altitude and plateaulike nature; the presence of two very large low shield structures with distinctive central paterae and long radiating flows; and its compressional tectonic environment. The detailed nature and significance of the volcanic deposits on Lakshmi are determined; the erruption styles and conditions are interpreted; and the link between the observed volcanism and tectonic environment of the region is discussed. Models for the formation of Lakshmi Planum are presented and evaluated.