Particle acceleration during solar flares is a complex process where the main ‘actors’ (Direct (D.C.) or turbulent electric fields) are hidden from us. It is easy to construct a successful particle accelertion model if we are allowed to impose on the flaring region arbitrary conditions (e.g., strength and scale length of the D.C. or turbulent electric fields), but then we have not solved the acceleration problem; we have simply re-defined it. We outline in this review three recent observations which indicate that the following physical processes may happen during solar flares: (1) Release of energy in a large number of microflares; (2) short time-scales; (3) small length scales; and (4) coherent radiation and acceleration sources. We propose that these new findings force us to reformulate the acceleration process inside a flaring active region assuming that a large number of reconnection sites will burst almost simultaneously. All the well-known acceleration mechanisms (electric fields, turbulent fields, shock waves, etc.) reviewed briefly here, can be used in a statistical model where each particle is gaining energy through its interaction with many small reconnection sites.