The existence and behavior of viscous structure for plane detonation waves
Abstract
A necessary condition and a sufficient condition are proved for the existence of steady plane wave solutions to the NavierStokes equations for a reacting gas. These solutions represent plane detonation waves, and converge to ZND detonation waves as the viscosity, heat conductivity, and species diffusion rates tend to zero. It is assumed that the Prandtl number is 3/4, but arbitrary Lewis numbers are permitted. No assumption is made concerning the activation energy. It is shown that the stagnation enthalpy and the entropy flux are always monotone for such solutions, and that the mass density and pressure are nearly always not monotone, as predicted by the ZND theory. In certain parameter ranges, typically that of large diffusion, many of these waves have the appearance of a weak detonation followed by an inert shock wave. This confirms a phenomenon observed in numerical calculations and in a model system by Colella, Majda, and Roytburd (1986).
 Publication:

SIAM Journal of Mathematical Analysis
 Pub Date:
 September 1989
 Bibcode:
 1989SJMA...20.1035W
 Keywords:

 Combustible Flow;
 Detonation Waves;
 Plane Waves;
 Viscosity;
 Activation Energy;
 Conductive Heat Transfer;
 Lewis Numbers;
 NavierStokes Equation;
 Prandtl Number;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer