Unimodular theory of canonical quantum gravity
Abstract
Einstein's theory of gravity is reformulated so that the cosmological constant becomes an integration constant of the theory, rather than a ``coupling'' constant. However, in the Hamiltonian form of the theory, the Hamiltonian constraint is missing, while the usual momentum constraints are still present. Replacing the Hamiltonian constraint is a secondary constraint, which introduces the cosmological constant. The quantum version has a normal ``Schrödinger'' form of time development, and the wave function does not obey the usual ``WheelerDeWitt'' equation, making the interpretation of the theory much simpler. The small value of the cosmological constant in the Universe at present becomes a genuine question of initial conditions, rather than a question of why one of the coupling constants has a particular value. The key ``weakness'' of this formulation is that one must introduce a nondynamic background spacetime volume element.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 August 1989
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.40.1048
 Bibcode:
 1989PhRvD..40.1048U