Third-Order Charged Particle Beam Optics
The motion of a charged particle through a magnetic field configuration can be described in terms of deviation from a certain ideal trajectory. One uses power series expansion of the phase-space coordinates to obtain the transfer matrices for a particular optical system. In this thesis we present a complete third-order theory of computing transfer matrices and apply it to magnetic elements in an accelerator beam-line. A particular attention is devoted to studying particles' orbits in an extended fringing field of a dipole magnet. Analytical solutions are obtained up to the third order in the formalism of the matrix theory. They contain form factors describing the fall-off pattern of the field. These form factors are dimensionless line integrals of the field strength and its derivative. There is one such integral in the first-order solution, two in the second, and nine in the third. An alternate way of describing charged particle optics is also presented. It is based on a Hamiltonian treatment and uses certain symplectic operators, which are defined in terms of Poisson brackets, to parametrize the transfer map of a system. We apply this approach to the fringing field problem and obtain a third-order solution. We furthermore show how to convert this solution into conventional transfer matrices by examining the connection between the non-canonical matrix theory and the Hamiltonian description.
- Pub Date:
- BEAM OPTICS;
- Physics: Optics